La Muralla Roja (The Red Wall) is a residential housing project in Calpe built in 1973 by famed Catalan architect Ricardo Bofill (His other works include Walden 7, Barri Gaudi, and Taller de Arquitectura). The building takes inspiration from the Arab Mediterranean Kasbah or fortress, blending dominant straight lines with strikingly soft colors which shift between the land, the ocean, and the sky.
Once inside this fortress one is met with an MC Escher-esque labyrinth of staircases, hallways, and bridges, which lead to the many squares and platforms which extend vertically. At the very top we find a Cross-shaped swimming pool from which we can see the sunrise come up from behind the mountains.
Bofill often challenges the notions of what constitutes private and public spheres, striving for a reorganization of the living space, and nowhere has he done so more boldly than here in La Muralla Roja.